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Monday 11 December 2017  
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Is repentance alone sufficient to free one from the legal punishment
Question:

I am married and my wife is in Lebanon. I work in Brazil in order to earn my living and to educate my children. But I committed an act of illegal sexual intercourse here, and I have already expressed regret and repented to Allaah. Is that sufficient for me, or must the legal punishment also be implemented? Please deliver a legal verdict for me, may Allaah have mercy upon you.
Answer:

There is no doubt that illegal sexual intercourse is one of the major sins. Among the things that lead to this sin is women being unveiled, free mixing of men with unrelated women (i.e. women for whom they are not Mahrams), the decay of morality, and the corruption of society in general. So if you committed adultery as a result of being far away from your wife and mixing with evil and corrupt people, then you regretted your sin and repented to Allaah with a sincere repentance, we hope that Allaah will accept your repentance and forgive you your sin, in accordance with the words of Him, Most High:

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"And those who invoke not any other ilaah(god) along with Allaah, nor kill such person as Allaah has forbidden, except for just cause, nor committing illegal sexual intercourse - and whoever does this shall receive the punishment. The torment will be doubled for him on the Day of Resurrection, and he will abide therein in disgrace; Except those who repent and believe (in Islamic Monotheism), and do righteous deeds; for those, Allaah will change their sins into good deeds, and Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful." [Al-Furqaan 25:68-70]

It has been confirmed from Ubadah bin as-Samit, may Allaah be pleased with him, in the Hadeeth of the women's oath of allegiance, that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said:

"And whoever from among you fulfils it, their reward is with Allaah. And whoever commits any such thing is punished for it, and that will be atonement for if. And if anyone commits anything and Allaah conceals (the sin), then the matter rests with Allaah. He may forgive them if He wills, and he may punish them if He wills." (Al-Bukhari no.4894 and Muslim no.1709)

But you must migrate from that corrupt environment since it encourages you to commit acts of disobedience, and you seek your living in another country where the evil is less than it, in order to preserve your religion. For verily, Allaah's earth is spacious, and a man will not be deprived of a land in which he may earn the sustenance which Allaah has written for him:

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"And whosoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to Him, He will wake a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide for him from (sources) he never could imagine." [At-Talaq 65:2-3]

And may the peace and blessings be upon our Prophet, Muhammad (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) and upon his family and companions.

Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts

Fatawa Islamiyah, The book of Legal Punishments, Vol. 6, pp. 193-194, DARUSSALAM
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