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Sunday 10 December 2017  
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There is No Contradiction in the Verses Regarding Polygyny.
Question:

Concerning Polygyny it is stated in the Qur’aan ''If you fear that you will not be able to deal justly [with more than one wife ], then [marry] one only .” an-Nisa :3 However, in another place it states, ''You will never be able to do perfect justice between your wives even if it is your ardent desire .” an-Nisa : 129 In the first verse being just among the wives is stated while in the second verse it makes it clear that the condition of justice could never be met. Does this mean that the first verse is abrogated and that it is not allowed to marry more than one women since the condition of justice cannot be fulfilled? Benefit us, may Allah reward you.
Answer:

There is no contradiction between the two verses. There is no abrogation by one verse of the other. The justice that is mentioned in the first verse is the justice within ones ability, which is related to being fair in division of time and maintenance.

As for being just with respect to love and sexual relations, this is not within ones ability. This is what is being referred to in this verse;

''You will never be able to do perfect justice between your wives even if it is your ardent desire .” an-Nisa : 129

In a hadeeth about the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alaihi-wasallam), Aisha [ may Allah be Pleased with her] stated,

''The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ‘alaihi-wasallam) used to divide his time between his wives and he was fair. He used to say. ‘ O Allah, that is my division with respect to what I have control over. Do not blame me for what You control and over which I have no control.’ ‘’

This was recorded by Abu Dawud, al- Tirmidhi, al- Nasai, Ibn Majah. It is graded Sahih by ibn Hibban and al- Haakim.

Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Islamic Fatawa Regarding Women - Darussalam Pg. 179
http://www.fatwaislam.com
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