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Who named the soorahs of the Quraan?

Who named the soorahs of the Noble Quraan – was it the Messenger sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam or if not, then who?

We do not know of a text from the Messenger of Allaah sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam indicating the naming of all of the soorahs. However the naming of some of the soorahs – such as al Baqarah and Aale ‘Imraan - does occur in some of the authentic Ahadeeth from the Prophet sal Allaahu alaiyhi wa sallam. As for the rest of the soorahs, then that which is most apparent is that the naming of them occurred from the Companions radi Allaahu anhum.

And with Allaah is the tawfeeq. And may peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family and his Companions.

Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Shaykh `Abdullah bin Ghudayaan
Shaykh `Abdullaah bin Qu`ood
Shaykh `Abdur-Razzaaq al-`Afeefee
Question 2 from fatwa 2376 P16 Volume 4 of the Fatawa of the Permanent Committee
Translated by Abu Abdir Rahmaan ibn Najam
Other subjects of interest:

Revealed Books
The Prophets and Messengers
The Last Day
The Divine Decree
Jinn And Devils

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