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The Fasting of the Traveller
Question:

What is the ruling on the fasting of a traveller when it is difficult for him?
Answer:

If he feels that it may be difficult for him to fast, then it is disliked for him to fast, because the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam saw a man being shaded while the people were crowding around him, and he said:

" ǿ "

What is this?.

They said: He is Fasting. He said:

" "

It is not righteousness to fast while on a journey. [1]

However, if the difficulty is severe, then it is an obligation upon him to break his fast. When the people complained to the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam that fasting had become difficult for them, he broke his fast, then he was told that some of the people were fasting and he said:

ɡ ɔ

Those are the disobedient ones, those are the disobedient ones. [2]

As for one who finds no difficulty in fasting, it is better for him to fast, in order to follow the example of the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam since he used to fast. Abu Darda, may Allaah be pleased with him, said: We were with the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam on a journey in the month of Ramadan and the weather was extremely hot, and none of us were fasting except the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and Abdullaah bin Rawahah. [3]

________________________________________

[1] Reported by al-Bukhari in the Book of Fasting, in the Chapter. The Statement of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam to the One Who Was Shaded and Upon Whom the Heat was Oppressive: It is not righteousness to fast whilst on a journey. (1946); and by Muslim in the Book of Fasting, in the Chapter: The Permissibility of Fasting and Breaking the Fast During the Month of Ramadan for the Traveller Without Disobedience (1115).

[2] Reported by Muslim in the Book of Fasting, in the Chapter: The Permissibility of Fasting and Breaking the Fast During the Month of Ramadan for the Traveller Without Disobedience.

[3] Reported by al-Bukhari in the Book of Fasting, in Chapter 35 (1945); and by Muslim in the Book of Fasting, in the Chapter: The Choice Between Fasting and Breaking the Fast on a Journey (1122).

Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen
Fatawa Arkaanul-Islaam, DARUSSALAM, vol.2, p.639
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