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Friday 15 December 2017  
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Home » Methodology » Way of the Pious Predecessors

Who Are The Salaf?

من هم السلف؟

Question:

I hear much about the Salaf, who are the Salaf O Noble Shaykh?

السؤال: هذه مستمعة من الرياض لها مجموعة من الأسئلة تقول في السؤال الأول أسمع عن السلف من هم السلف يا فضيلة الشيخ

Answer:

The meaning of the [word] Salaf is (Al-Mutaqaddimoon) the predecessors so every person that precedes another is a salaf for him but when this term is used unrestrictedly then it only refers to the first three praised generations from the companions (as-Sahaabah) and those that followed them (at-Taabi’oon) and those that followed them [Atba’ at-Taabyi’een]. They indeed are the pious predecessors (as-Salaf as-Saaleh). Whoever came after them and traversed upon their way (Minhaaj) then he is like them upon the way of the Salaf; even though he may have come after them with regards to time because as-Salafiyyah is a designation which applies to the way (Minhaaj)) which was traversed by the pious predecessors (as-Salaf as-Saaleh) ( رضي الله عنهم) as the Prophet (عليه الصلاة والسلام) said:

(%FQ #E*J 3*A*1B 9DI +D'+) H3(9JF A1B) CDG' AJ 'DF'1 %D' H'-/) HGJ 'D,E'9))

“Indeed my nation will split into seventy three sects all of them in the Fire except one and it is the united body (al-Jamaa’ah)

and in another wording,

(EF C'F 9DI E+D E' #F' 9DJG H#5-'(J)

“..whoever is upon the same as what I am upon and my companions.”

So based upon that then as-Salafiyyah here is specific in meaning, hence whoever is upon the way (Minhaaj) of the Sahaabah, the Taabi’oon and those who followed them upon goodness then he is a Salafi even if he is in our contemporary times and whilst it being the fourteenth century after the Migration [of the Prophet] (al-Hijrah).

الشيخ: السلف معناه المتقدمون فكل متقدم على غيره فهو سلف له ولكن إذا أطلق لفظ السلف فالمراد به القرون الثلاثة المفضلة الصحابة والتابعون وتابعوهم هؤلاء هم السلف الصالح ومن كان بعدهم وسار على منهاجهم فإنه مثلهم على طريقة السلف وإن كان متأخراً عنهم في الزمن لأن السلفية تطلق على المنهاج الذي سلكه السلف الصالح رضي الله عنهم

كما قال النبي عليه الصلاة والسلام

(%FQ #E*J 3*A*1B 9DI +D'+) H3(9JF A1B) CDG' AJ 'DF'1 %D' H'-/) HGJ 'D,E'9))

وفي لفظ

(من كان على مثل ما أنا عليه وأصحابي)

وبناء على ذلك تكون السلفية هنا مقيدة بالمعنى فكل من كان على منهاج الصحابة والتابعين وتابعيهم بإحسان فهو سلفي وإن كان في عصرنا هذا وهو القرن الرابع عشر بعد الهجرة نعم

Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen
Fataawa Noor 'alaa al-Darb: at-Tawheed wal-'Aqeedah.

مكتبة الفتاوى : فتاوى نور على الدرب (نصية) : التوحيد والعقيدة

Translated by Abu 'Abdillaah al-Kashmiree
http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/noor/article_969.shtml
Other subjects of interest:

Rulership
Politics
Schools of Thought and Blind Following
Allegiance and Enmity
Calling to Allaah
Way of the Pious Predecessors
Partisanship and Splitting
Innovations
Rectification of the Ummah
Disparagement and Refutation


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